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How to make a bootable USB flash drive? -- able to install CentOS

本帖最後由 角色 於 2010-8-10 05:37 編輯

为了安装多Asterisk server,这个Bootable USB flash drive能让你简化一些tasks,不然你要拿一个CDROM,floppy disks等等。如果你有一个Bootable USB flash drive,那么救机时也大派用场。

但是安装一个bootable USB drive,可能中间会出现各类不同的问题,所以这幅帖子是用来集中讨论怎样建立一支bootable USB flash drive。


角色

本帖最後由 角色 於 2010-8-8 17:42 編輯

大家先参考下面帖子:
http://www.themudcrab.com/acronis_grub4dos.php#tagInstall

我用Kingston和Sandisk,都不成功,听过bubblestar很多USB flash drive牌子都可以,如imation。

不过我在想,为什么?是否我的系统的简体就出问题呢?如果全用英文系统不知道是否有改善?

角色

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本帖最後由 角色 於 2010-8-15 21:58 編輯

为了解决不能启动问题,在网上我寻找了一些资料,终于给我找到答案。

1) 下载下面两个软件 fbinst.zip and grldr.zip
fbinst.exe是一个program,它让你的USB flash drive与mainland board的USB driver的沟通起来很大的作用。
Extract the files into a single directory.

fbinst.zip (24.32 KB)

grldr.zip (114.7 KB)

2) 用editor,creat a filename fb.txt as follows:
  1. default 0
  2. timeout 5
  3. text "Please choose menu"
  4. text "F1. grldr"
  5. menu F1 grldr grldr
複製代碼
3) Using an editor to creat another file of name menu.lst
  1. timeout 10
  2. default 0

  3. title CommandLine
  4. commandline

  5. title Reboot
  6. reboot

  7. title Halt
  8. halt
複製代碼
4) format USB flash drive using Windows formating application

5) Assume hd1 is the USB flash drive device name, excute the following commands in a command prompt.

fbinst (hd1) format  
(If problems occur, you may use fbinst (hd1) format --force)

fbinst (hd1) add grldr .\grldr

fbinst (hd1) add-menu fb.cfg .\fb.txt

6) Using Windows application to copy menu.lst to the root directory of the USB flash drive

A bootable USB flash drive is ready for booting. You may see the following message if your configuration is correct.

Command line
Reboot
Halt

Another member named jianliulin write a GUI too based fbinst to facilitate the file management in USB flash drives
FbinstTool_V 1.509.part2.rar (181.05 KB)
FbinstTool_V 1.509.part1.rar (488.28 KB)

1) Format the USB flash drive
Select fat32, force, align as follows:
0015.png
2010-8-8 18:12


menu.lst 是怎样写,可以参考一下链接:
http://www.telecom-cafe.com/view ... &extra=page%3D1

其他参考:
bean fbinst : http://bbs.znpc.net/viewthread.php?tid=5669
BURG: http://www.burgloader.com/bbs/index.php?board=4.0

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本帖最後由 角色 於 2010-8-8 21:57 編輯

USB Flash Drive Collection

Sandisk Cruzer Contour Z8, 16G卖人民币265元
http://item.taobao.com/item.htm?id=4698110760

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备用帖子。

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备用帖子。

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备用帖子。

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备用帖子。

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备用帖子。

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备用帖子。

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本帖最後由 bubblestar 於 2010-8-9 00:03 編輯

It surprises me that the latest USB pendrives are not bootable.  Most usb keys like imation, sandisk, TDK, Transend, you name it, can do.

The following, at least but not last, is Recommended USB Flash Pen Drives for Portable Linux installation that you can use.

You may also use and download HP USB Format tool to make the USB Flash Drive bootable and restore to its original state.

USB Tools and Help

Actually, all the above can be found in the site http://www.pendrivelinux.com/ which I highly recommend to those interested parties. The site is updated almost every day.  Please visit frequently.

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It is REQUIRED that your flash drive contain a formatted partition! Some flash drives ship formatted "superfloppy" (without a partition table). Those drives will need to be reformatted to use a partition, so they can be detected by BIOS as a Hard Drive. If you are not presented with a Boot Menu as pictured above, or the menu is found at (fd0) instead of (hd0,0) the problem is likely that you are trying to boot the flash drive as a superfloppy. You should reformat your flash drive using one of the methods listed HERE, then reinstall MultiBootISOs, and attempt to boot using the USB-HDD or USB-ZIP BIOS option or see if the drive shows up as a selectable hard disk in your Boot Menu.

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本帖最後由 角色 於 2010-8-8 23:31 編輯

Thank bubblestar's advice. I remember that I did not do any parition on my USB flash drive. I just use the format command (either Windows or HP format tool) to format my USB flash drive. I shall consider your advice that at least one paritition is given to my USB flash drive before formating it.

I have a question that in the past, I did use the HP formatting tool to format my USB flash drive. However I did not use any fdisk partition software to partition my USB flash drive. Have you made any partition in your USB flash drive after formatting your USB flash drive?

YH

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I rarely use fdisk partition software.  Actually, HP formatting tool is quite enough.  Sometimes, I even do not need this tool and the flash drive can be recognized by BIOS.  

The point is that we have to make sure the newly bought flash drive is not a "superfloppy".  If it is the case, we just use the HP formatting tool as advised to make this workout.  Windows formatting tool is not the best choice, in fact.

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哈哈哈!!今次我安裝CENTOS都系用USB去安!!我下載了個很好用的USB TOOL好簡單甘就用到USB INSTALL LINUX

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